PARC NATURAL MARITIMOTERRESTRE ES TRENC-SALOBRAR DE CAMPOS

Aquest espai natural protegit compta amb una gran riquesa, ecològica, natural i paisatgística. Es tracta d’un sistema platja -duna on coexisteixen un nombre significatiu d’hàbitats, incloent importants praderies marines de Posidonia oceanica, cordons de dunes primàries davanteres, dunes estabilitzades, una important zona humida (es Salobrar de Campos), basses litorals, boscos de pins i savines que fixen les dunes més consolidades i, al nord i a la part central, camps de conreus i explotacions ramaderes.

El Parc compta amb 1.441,06 hectàrees terrestres i 2.327, 20 hectàrees marines. Dins l’àmbit marí del Parc es troben els illots de na Llarga, Illot Gros, Illot de sa Llova i Illa Gavina. L’àmbit marí del Parc se solapa amb la ZEC (Zona d’Especial Conservació) de l’arxipèlag de Cabrera.

El Parc natural està situat al sud-est de l’illa de Mallorca. En concret, correspon a l’àrea costanera i de zones humides (salobrars) que es troba entre el nucli urbà de sa Ràpita i la Colònia de Sant Jordi. Cap a l’interior, el Parc limita parcialment amb les carreteres Ma-6104 i Ma-6040.

 

FINCA PÚBLICA DE SON REAL

The Son Real estate is a “possessió” (old manor house and estate) located in the municipality of Santa Margalida, on the northeast coast of Mallorca, the estate boasts 395 hectares and was purchased by the Regional Government of the Balearic Islands back in 2014.
Son Real sits almost in the middle of the bay of Alcúdia and is an estate that has been continually inhabited right from the most remote prehistoric times until our days. Remains of human presence, dating back 4,500 years can be found here, on top of these we find remains from the pre-talayotic era (4,000 years old) then the talayotic era (some 3,000 years), then Roman (a little over 2,000 years) Islamic, medieval eras and down to our day.

When talking about Son Real, we are talking about one of the most important reference points when it comes to archaeological heritage in the Balearic Islands, proof of this are the well-known prehistoric cemeteries or necropolis located at S’Illot des Porros and the Punta des Fenicis.

Apart from the archaeological wealth, Son Real is closely linked to rural Majorca, and therefore we find a “possessió” made up of different buildings from different eras that are witness to a not so distant past where the economy revolved around agriculture and livestock.

MONUMENT NATURAL DEL TORRENT DE PAREIS

The Torrent de Pareis is unquestionably one of Mallorca’s natural wonders, and possibly its most spectacular. Born at an altitude of 150 metres, out of the confluence of two streams, the Torrent des Gorg Blau and the Torrent de Lluc, in an area known as S’Entreforc, the Torrent de Pareis meanders down to the sea along its 3.3-km course amid canyon walls that tower as high as 200 metres. The descent, which moves SE-NW, has an average gradient of 5.14 % until it reaches the sea at Sa Calobra.

The stream’s topography and landscape are the products of the abrasive action of the stream water on calcareous stone and the dissolution of rock due to contact with rainwater. These processes have given rise to karst formations and created caves, chasms, fields of lapies, dolines, etc. In the case of the Torrent de Pareis, they have also led to a large tectonic fracture, with visually spectacular results. The Torrent des Gorg Blau originates at Tossals Verds.

Its course was altered in 1972 with the construction of the Gorg Blau reservoir. With a basin measuring 14 square kilometres and an altitude difference of 627 meters, the gorge becomes more pronounced in its final section, where the canyon’s towering walls and narrow breadth block the entry of natural light. These features, together with the high level of humidity, make for an extraordinary and unique ecosystem locally known by the descriptive name of Sa Fosca, or, “the dark spot”.

The Torrent de Lluc runs through the valley of the same name and continues into the Clot d’Albarca valley. The basin of this stream covers a surface area of approximately 28 km², with an altitude difference of 500 m.

MONUMENT NATURAL DE LES FONTS UFANES

Les Fonts Ufanes are located in Campanet, within the Gabellí Petit Estate, near the hermitage Ermita de Sant Miquel.

Hydrogeology
Asingular natural hydrogeological phenomenon in the Balearic Islands, Les fonts Ufanes are powerful intermittent water surges that come up suddenly and in a diffused manner, once enough rainwater has accumulated in the Puig Tomir massif and its surrounding areas.

These springs get their water from the rain that falls on the mountains and filters into the subsoil. Once it filters in, the water accumulates in an aquifer that sits over relatively impermeable materials. After several days of intense and constant rainfall, the aquifer overflows, and the water rushes up to the surface violently through the springs below the Gabellí Petit Estate.

The currents of these springs can go from 0 to 3 m³ /second in a matter of minutes under normal circumstances, reaching 100 m³/second in the case of exceptional surges. On average, these springs spew out an annual volume of 10 / 12 hm³. All of this water runs through the stream known as Torrent de Teló, comes together with that of other springs in the area and spills into another stream, the Torrent de Sant Miquel. From this point, the water placidly makes its way down to the flatlands of Sa Pobla, crossing the cultivation fields until it reaches S’Albufera. Here, in a radically different landscape marked by reeds and canals, the water virtually seems to stop in the final section of its course, before it flows into the sea.

RESERVA NATURAL DE S’ALBUFERETA

The coastal wetlands of S’Albufereta are one of the natural treasures of the Bay of Pollença, thanks to their singular landscape and their ornithological and botanical value.

The Nature Reserve covers a surface of 211 hectares, with additional peripheral protection of its surrounding 290 hectares, where certain land use and activities are regulated to prevent unwanted environmental impact.

S’Albufereta was declared a Nature Reserve by virtue of Decree 121/2001 (BOIB Number 130, of 30 October 2001), and four years later it was reclassied as a Special Nature Reserve through Law 5/2005, of 26 May, on the Conservation of Environmentally Important Sites (locally known as the law LECO). The S’Albufereta Natural Resource Management Plan was also approved by means of the Government Council Resolution of 19 October 2001 (BOIB Number 130, of 30 October 2001). Yet the site had already been protected by legislation years earlier, thanks to its declaration as a Natural Area of Special Interest in 1991, by virtue of Law 1/1991, of 30 January, on Natural Spaces and Urban Regulation for Areas of Special Protection of the Balearic Islands (locally known as the LEN).

S’Albufereta also forms part of the Natura 2000 Network, an initiative designed to contribute to the conservation of plant and animal species and their natural habitats in protected natural spaces around Europe.

RESERVES NATURALS DES VEDRÀ, ES VEDRANELL I ELS ILLOTS DE PONENT

The islets are clustered into two groups. The first is the group consisting of Es Vedrà and Es Vedranell, and the other takes in the Illots de Ponent, which include Sa Conillera, l’Illa des Bosc, S’Espartar and Ses Bledes: Na Gorra, Es Vaixell, Na Bosc, Na Plana and S’Escull d’en Ramon (reef).

All of these sites are authentic natural treasures that accommodate aquatic birds, lizards and endemic invertebrates, as well as a very rich flora.

PARATGE NATURAL DE LA SERRA DE TRAMUNTANA

The Serra de Tramuntana mountain range sprawls for approximately 90 km, from the southwest to the northeast of Mallorca.

With more than a dozen peaks at altitudes of over one thousand metres, these mountains form one of the most emblematic areas on the island. The predominance of calcareous stone in these mountains and constant interaction with the surrounding water have given rise to a unique landscape with endless karst formations.

Menut, Binifaldó, Son Moragues, Cúber, Sa Coma des Prat, Mortitx, Ses Figueroles, Míner Gran, Sa Coma den Vidal, Gabellí Petit and Planícia are among the many public estates that belong to the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands and form part of the Serra de Tramuntana Nature Area. Together, these estates have a total surface area of approximately 4000 ha.

PARC NATURAL DE LA PENÍNSULA DE LLEVANT

With a protected surface area of 1671 hectares, the Peninsula de LLevant Natural Park covers much of Artà’s mountain range (Muntanyes d’Artà) and includes the highest peaks of the Serres de Llevant (Puig Morei which stands at 564 m; Puig des Porrassar at 491 m; and Puig de sa Tudossa, at 441 m).

The Nature Reserves of Cap de Ferrutx and Cap des Freu, which are located in the municipal areas of Artà and Capdepera, comprise two areas of coastal cliffs at the northern end of the Península de Llevant.

Both the Park and the Reserves were officially listed as such by virtue of Decree 127/2001, of 9 November (BOIB, Official Gazette of the Balearic Islands, Number 140, of 22-11-2001). The limits of the area were later modified by Law 10/2003 of 22 December, on Tax and Administrative Measures. This natural area forms part of the European Union’s Natura 2000 Network, as both an Area of Special Protection for Birds and a Site of Community Interest.

PARC NATURAL DE SES SALINES D’EIVISSA I FORMENTERA

Located between the two Pitiüses Islands, the salt marsh natural park Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera, along with the adjacent marine and land reserves, sprawls from the south of Eivissa to the north of Formentera, and covers the channel that separates the two islands, with a land area of some 2752.5 hectares (1,776.3 of which belong to the park and 106.8 to the nature reserve) and an aquatic area of 14,028 hectares (13,611 of which correspond to the park and 416.9 to the nature reserve).

The Ses Salines d’Eivissa i Formentera Natural Park is a prime example of the Mediterranean’s rich biodiversity. The uniqueness of this park resides in the fact that it is a rest area and a nesting ground for countless birds, along their migratory paths. As a Natural Area of Special Interest, the park includes a diverse range of land and marine habitats of vast international ecological, landscape, historical and cultural value.

SA DRAGONERA NATURAL PARK

Sa Dragonera Natural Park is made up of three islets, Illot des Pantaleu, Sa Mitjana and Sa Dragonera. With a land surface of 274 hectares, the entire Park, along with a considerable marine area, has been declared a Site of Community Importance (SCI) and an Area of Special Protection for Birds, thus also forming part of the Natura 2000 Network.

Located just off the south-western coast of Mallorca, Sa Dragonera is separated from the main island by a small channel with a width of 800 m and a maximum depth of approximately 15 m.

The road to the conservation of this Park was not easy. In fact, the Park’s protection largely owes itself to the heavy pressures of the local people, who fought against attempts to develop the island in the 1970s. As a result, Sa Dragonera has become a symbol of Balearic conservationism. In 1987, the Consell de Mallorca purchased the island, which was declared a Natural Area of Special Interest until it finally became a Natural Park in 1995.